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Integrative analytical workflow to enhance comprehensive analysis of organic molecules in extraterrestrial objects

Abstract : Molecular identification is a fundamental issue in astrobiology to investigate the routes of emergence of life on our planet involving in particular a potential seeding of extraterrestrial organic matter on the primitive Earth. However, this project encompasses major difficulties due to the low concentration of molecules present in bodies of the Solar System. This work proposes an integrative analytical workflow, no longer based on GC-MS instruments, to enhance comprehensive analysis of organic markers in these objects. Our strategy combines UPLC-HRMS and UPLC-MRM MS methods to bring both a broad molecular mapping and detailed data on indigenous compounds present in any extraterrestrial objects or laboratory analogs. Applied on water extracts from fresh meteorites, our workflow highlights a wide range of free molecules in the non-treated extracts and reveals the wide diversity of amino acid and nucleobase isomers that could lead to misinterpretation as far as the molecular composition of meteorite extracts cannot be anticipated. This strategy, never explored so far, would provide new clues for studying the organic matter in space and should offer new perspectives on its evolution and reactivity.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03586508
Contributor : Grégoire Danger Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 21, 2022 - 11:15:20 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 12:57:28 AM

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Coline Serra, Justin Lange, Quentin Blancart Remaury, Ramzi Timoumi, Grégoire Danger, et al.. Integrative analytical workflow to enhance comprehensive analysis of organic molecules in extraterrestrial objects. Talanta, Elsevier, 2022, 243, pp.123324. ⟨10.1016/j.talanta.2022.123324⟩. ⟨hal-03586508⟩

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