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River Biofilms Microbiome and Resistome Responses to Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluents Containing Antibiotics

Abstract : Continuous exposure to low concentrations of antibiotics (sub-minimal inhibitory concentration: sub-MIC) is thought to lead to the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the environmental microbiota. However, the relationship between antibiotic exposure and resistance selection in environmental bacterial communities is still poorly understood and unproven. Therefore, we measured the concentration of twenty antibiotics, resistome quality, and analyzed the taxonomic composition of microorganisms in river biofilms collected upstream (UPS) and downstream (DWS) (at the point of discharge) from the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) of Poitiers (France). The results of statistical analysis showed that the antibiotic content, resistome, and microbiome composition in biofilms collected UPS were statistically different from that collected DWS. According to Procrustes analysis, microbial community composition and antibiotics content may be determinants of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) composition in samples collected DWS. However, network analysis showed that the occurrence and concentration of antibiotics measured in biofilms did not correlate with the occurrence and abundance of antibiotic resistance genes and mobile genetic elements. In addition, network analysis suggested patterns of co-occurrence between several ARGs and three classes of bacteria/algae: Bacteroidetes incertae sedis , Cyanobacteria / Chloroplast , and Nitrospira , in biofilm collected UPS. The absence of a direct effect of antibiotics on the selection of resistance genes in the collected samples suggests that the emergence of antibiotic resistance is probably not only due to the presence of antibiotics but is a more complex process involving the cumulative effect of the interaction between the bacterial communities (biotic) and the abiotic matrix. Nevertheless, this study confirms that WWTP is an important reservoir of various ARGs, and additional efforts and legislation with clearly defined concentration limits for antibiotics and resistance determinants in WWTP effluents are needed to prevent their spread and persistence in the environment.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03789363
Contributor : Jérôme Labanowski Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 27, 2022 - 1:26:49 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 13, 2022 - 3:22:50 PM

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Olha Matviichuk, Leslie Mondamert, Claude Geffroy, Margaux Gaschet, Christophe Dagot, et al.. River Biofilms Microbiome and Resistome Responses to Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluents Containing Antibiotics. Frontiers in Microbiology, 2022, 13, pp.795206. ⟨10.3389/fmicb.2022.795206⟩. ⟨hal-03789363⟩

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