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Research agenda on biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services in European cities

Abstract : Cities are challenging environments for human life, because of multiple environmental issues driven by urbanization. These can sometimes be mitigated through ecosystem services provided by different functions supported by biodiversity. However, biodiversity in cities is affected by numerous factors, namely habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation, as well as pollution, altered climate, and new biotic challenges. To better understand the link between biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, we need to improve our mechanistic knowledge of these relationships. Trait-based ecology is a promising approach for unravelling the causes and consequences of biodiversity filtering on ecosystem processes and underlying services, but large gaps remain unexplored. Here, we present a series of research directions that are aimed at extending the current knowledge of the relationship between trait-based biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services in cities. These directions are based on: (1) improving urban habitat mapping; (2) considering often neglected urban habitats and ecological niches; (3) integrating multiple urban gradients; (4) using trait-based approaches to improve our mechanistic understanding of the relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services; and (5) extending the involvement of citizens. Pursuing these research directions may support the sustainable management of urban ecosystems and the long-term provision of ecosystem services, ultimately enhancing the well-being of urban populations.
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https://hal-univ-poitiers.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03322704
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 19, 2021 - 3:59:43 PM
Last modification on : Monday, August 23, 2021 - 12:04:02 PM

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Pedro Pinho, Joan Casanelles-Abella, Ana Catarina Luz, Anna Maria Kubicka, Cristina Branquinho, et al.. Research agenda on biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services in European cities. Basic and Applied Ecology, Elsevier, 2021, 53, pp.124-133. ⟨10.1016/j.baae.2021.02.014⟩. ⟨hal-03322704⟩

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