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1H-NMR-Based Analysis for Exploring Knee Synovial Fluid Metabolite Changes after Local Cryotherapy in Knee Arthritis Patients

Abstract : Rehabilitation using cryotherapy has widely been used in inflammatory diseases to relieve pain and decrease the disease activity. The aim of this study was to explore the metabolite changes in inflammatory knee-joint synovial fluids following local cryotherapy treatment (ice or cold CO2). We used proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy to assess the metabolite patterns in synovial fluid (SF) in patients with knee arthritis (n = 46) before (D0) and after (D1, 24 h later) two applications of local cryotherapy. Spectra from aqueous samples and organic extracts were obtained with an 11.75 Tesla spectrometer. The metabolite concentrations within the SF were compared between D1 and D0 using multiple comparisons with the application of a false discovery rate (FDR) adjusted at 10% for each metabolite. A total of 32 metabolites/chemical structures were identified including amino acids, organic acids, fatty acids or sugars. Pyruvate, alanine, citrate, threonine was significantly higher at D1 vs D0 (p < 0.05). Tyrosine concentration significantly decreases after cryotherapy application (p < 0.001). We did not observe any effect of gender and cooling technique on metabolite concentrations between D0 and D1 (p > 0.05). The present study provides new insight into a short-term effect of cold stimulus in synovial fluid from patients with knee arthritis. Our observations suggest that the increased level of metabolites involved in energy metabolism may explain the underlying molecular pathways that mediate the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities of cryotherapy.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03177010
Contributor : Nicolas Pinet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, July 8, 2021 - 2:24:44 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 3:22:25 AM
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Wafa Douzi, Xavier Guillot, Delphine Bon, François Seguin, Nadège Boildieu, et al.. 1H-NMR-Based Analysis for Exploring Knee Synovial Fluid Metabolite Changes after Local Cryotherapy in Knee Arthritis Patients. Metabolites, MDPI, 2020, 10 (11), pp.460. ⟨10.3390/metabo10110460⟩. ⟨hal-03177010⟩

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